Humoral factor in pressor hyperresponsiveness in renal prehypertensive rabbits.
Prehypertensive rabbits with renal artery stenosis of 3 days' duration (one-kidney, one clip) are known to have increased pressor responses to norepinephrine and vasopressin; this pressor hyperresponsiveness is restored to normal by the angiotensin II (AII) antagonist, [ Sar1, Ile8 ] AII, even though plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma AII concentrations are not elevated. In the present study, the cross-circulation of blood between conscious one-kidney, 3-day renal artery stenosis rabbits and conscious normal rabbits resulted in the transfer of pressor hyperresponsiveness to the normal rabbits, although both groups of rabbits had normal values for PRA. A similar cross-circulation of blood between one-kidney rabbits without renal artery stenosis and normal rabbits did not alter the pressor responsiveness of the normal rabbits to norepinephrine. It was concluded that a circulating humoral factor is involved in mediating pressor hyperresponsiveness in 3-day renal artery stenosis rabbits. To evaluate the interrelationship between AII and the hormonal hyperresponsiveness factor, an additional experiment was performed in which blood was cross-circulated between one-kidney, 3-day renal artery stenosis rabbits and normal rabbits, with the normal rabbits receiving [ Sar1, Ile8 ] AII immediately following cross-circulation. Administration of this AII antagonist to the normal rabbits prevented them from showing pressor hyperresponsiveness following the cross-circulation of blood. It is concluded that in this prehypertensive renal artery stenosis model the humoral hyperresponsiveness factor exerts its effect through AII mechanisms, rather than AII acting to increase the release or secretion of the hyperresponsiveness factor.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association