Longitudinal study of the hindquarter vasculature during development in spontaneously hypertensive and Dahl salt-sensitive rats.
The purpose of this study was to examine vascular structural alterations longitudinally in spontaneous and Dahl genetic hypertension. Hypertensive and control animals were studied at 5,9-11, and 17-19 weeks of age to permit analysis of prehypertensive, early and established hypertensive stages. Minimal and maximal resistance of the hindquarter vasculature was used as a functional assessment of structural alterations. At 5 weeks of age, the minimal vascular resistance of the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was elevated over Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) (p less than 0.02) but there was no difference between Dahl salt-sensitive (S) and resistant (R) rats. In both sets of animals, the minimal vascular resistance of the hypertensive group was significantly elevated over controls with age: p less than 0.001 in SHR; p less than 0.001 in Dahl S. The maximal vasoconstrictor response was significantly greater with age in SHR than in WKY, (p less than 0.001), but was not different in Dahl S compared to R. Thus, structural alterations, determined by assessing minimal vascular resistance, are present in both spontaneous and Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension, but the origin of the two differ. An increase in smooth muscle mass, assessed by maximal constriction, contributes importantly to the structural alterations in spontaneous hypertension; in Dahl S, other factors appear to contribute to structural alterations. Further, structural alterations precede frank hypertension in SHR but not in Dahl S hypertension.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association