Captopril stimulation of differential renins in renovascular hypertension.
Twenty-six patients being evaluated for renovascular hypertension were studied to assess the diagnostic value of enhancing the differential between renal venous renins (PRA) by a single 25 mg oral dose of converting enzyme inhibitor (CEI, captopril). Antihypertensive medications were not discontinued prior to the study, and renal venous effluent was sampled before and 30 minutes after CEI. Eight patients without stenosis who did not have surgery had post-CEI ratios of less than 3.0. The other 18 patients had operative intervention, with 14 subsequently having improved blood pressure control. Of these 14, seven patients with unilateral stenosis, four patients with bilateral stenosis, and one patient without overt stenosis but with other evidence of reduced renal blood flow had 30-minute PRA ratios of 3.0 or greater. Five of these 14 patients had prestimulation ratios of less than 1.5 and might not be considered operative candidates by conventional criteria. Four other patients unimproved by surgery had post-CEI ratios of less than 3.0 despite a baseline ratio of greater than 1.5 in two of four. Only two patients with post-CEI ratios of less than 3.0 were improved with surgery. We conclude that a 30-minute post-CEI renal venous ratio of 3.0 or greater enhances the probability that patients with renovascular disease, and hypertension will respond to surgical intervention with improved blood pressure control.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association