The hemodynamic effects of nifedipine were studied in nine patients with acute or chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. Arterial blood pressure was lowered within 15 minutes of oral administration of nifedipine 10 mg. Mean arterial pressure and total systemic peripheral resistance were significantly decreased, whereas cardiac index and heart rate revealed slight but statistically insignificant changes. Changes in pulmonary artery diastolic pressure and mean right atrial pressure which were closely related to cardiac preload were not significant. However, the antihypertensive effect was enhanced in patients with lower pretreatment preload. Results show that oral nifedipine is effective in rapidly reducing blood pressure during or following hemodialysis.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association