Nifedipine or verapamil as sole treatment of hypertension. An intraarterial study.
Intraarterial ambulatory blood pressures were recorded prior to and during therapy with two different calcium ion antagonists, nifedipine and verapamil, in two separate groups of patients. In the first group, nine patients were studied off therapy and following a minimum of 6 weeks of nifedipine treatment (dose range, 20 to 60 mg twice daily). A second group of 16 patients followed the identical protocol but were prescribed verapamil (120 to 160 mg, three times daily). During both studies, patients underwent standardized physiological tests including tilt, isometric handgrip, and dynamic bicycle exercise. Both verapamil and nifedipine caused a reduction in blood pressure over most of the 24 hours studied. Nifedipine did not affect heart rate whereas verapamil caused a reduction of approximately 10 bpm. Nifedipine and verapamil did not induce postural hypotension, and the absolute responses to dynamic and isometric exercise were reduced. These results show the efficacy of slow channel inhibitors in the management of essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association