Cardiovascular counterregulation during sympathetic inhibition in normal subjects and patients with mild hypertension.
The influence of agents that inhibit sympathetic nerve activity on cardiovascular responsiveness as related to major pressor factors has been unclear. Therefore, these components were evaluated in 11 normal subjects and 13 patients with mild essential hypertension before and after 4 weeks of sympathetic neuron blockade with the agent debrisoquine. In these normal and mildly hypertensive subjects, sympathetic neuron blockade caused approximately similar decreases in urinary and supine or upright plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels (average changes in the two groups, -41% and -45%, respectively; p less than 0.05 to less than 0.005), the chronotropic dose of isoproterenol (-45% and -38%), and the NE pressor dose (-47% and -51%, p less than 0.01), while the relationship between NE-induced changes in blood pressure and concomitant plasma NE concentrations was displaced to the left (p less than 0.01). Supine heart rate was also lowered (-10% and -8%, p less than 0.05). Compared to the orthostatic variations during placebo conditions, mild postural decreases in blood pressure were apparent in both the normal and hypertensive groups (-8% and -7.5%). However, supine blood pressure was unchanged following debrisoquine treatment. Other parameters were also not consistently changed, such as total blood volume, exchangeable body sodium, urinary electrolytes, plasma epinephrine, renin, and angiotensin II (AII) levels, the pressor dose of infused AII, and the relationship between AII-induced changes in blood pressure and plasma AII measured before and during AII infusion. These findings demonstrate that the reduction in sympathetic outflow during sympathetic neuron blockade may elicit a hyperresponsiveness of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptors that is equal in normal subjects and patients with mild essential hypertension.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association