Studies of hypertension-induced vascular hypertrophy in cultured smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Mechanisms of vascular hypertrophy induced by hypertension were studied in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) and compared with those from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Fetal calf serum-stimulated ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity of cultured smooth muscle cells was greater in SHR and SHRSP than in WKY. Beta- but not alpha-adrenergic agonist stimulated ODC activity acutely in cultured smooth muscle cells from WKY, and isoprenaline-induced activation was blocked by the beta-blocker, propranolol, and enhanced by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 1-methyl-3-isobutylxanthine. These results indicate that cultured vascular smooth muscle cells from SHR and SHRSP are more prone to increase the protein synthesis than those from WKY through the trophic induction of ODC activity and that the regulation of ODC activity by catecholamines is mediated through beta-agonistic effect in cultured smooth muscle cells.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association