Effects of frog-skin angiotensin II in amphibians.
The role of frog-skin angiotensin II (AII) in amphibia was studied by comparing the sodium and water permeability effects of three angiotensins (AII): frog skin (Ala-Pro-Gly-[Ile3, Val5]-Ang II), human [( Asp1, Ile5]-AII), and Japanese goosefish [( Asn1-Val5]-AII). Frog-skin AII increased the short-circuit current (SCC) significantly after it was added to the dermal side of the isolated skin of the South American frogs, Leptodactylus chaquensis and ocellatus, and the toad, Bufo arenarum, in concentrations of 10(-6) M. In frogs, the effect was significant at 15 minutes and reached 45% over control after 2 1/2 hours. The effect cannot be achieved with concentrations lower than 10(-7) M. Since amiloride (10(-4) M) blocked the SCC response, and absence of chloride in the bathing fluid did not, the effect is probably dependent on sodium transport. Human AII (10(-6) M) produced a similar response in summer frogs that had been treated with 0.1% NaCl for 14 days. Goosefish AII was ineffective at similar concentrations, and none of the angiotensins modified SCC in the toad bladder. Hydrosmotic effects could be achieved with the three angiotensins, the response being dependent on seasonal and species factors but always considerably lower than that of the neurohypophyseal peptides. Vascular reactivity of the isolated frog hindlimbs was compared by dose-response curves. Potency ratios on a molar basis against frog-skin AII was 1.136 for human AII and 1.193 for goosefish AII. The results show that the effects of the angiotensins differ in both the response of SCC to frog-skin angiotensin and its higher vascular effects.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association