Reduction of cardiovascular disease events by worksite hypertension treatment.
A retrospective cohort study of hypertensive employees to evaluate the impact of worksite antihypertensive treatment (WST) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) over 8 1/2 years is reported. In a union-sponsored screening from August 1973 to February 1974, 604 hypertensives (greater than or equal to 160 and/or 95 mm Hg, or on medication) were identified. Of these, standardized criteria were met by 344, of whom 150 chose WST and 194 referred care (RC). The study groups were similar in age and sex composition. Union hospitalization and death records through 1982 revealed that CVD rates were fewer in WST than RC (3.0 vs 5.4/100 person-years; p less than 0.01). By contrast, nonCVD rates were similar (8.1 vs 9.6). All-cause mortality rate in WST (0.89) was significantly (p less than 0.05) lower than that in RC (1.81), as was the standard mortality ratio (55.1), based on U.S. mortality in 1978. CVD mortality was also lower (0.48 vs 1.10; NS). Persons with an initial blood pressure (BP) less than 160/95 mm Hg had CVD event rates that were low and similar in WST and RC (3.6 vs 3.5). However, among those with elevated BP at entry, WST subjects fared significantly better than RC (2.8 vs 6.1; p less than 0.001). Furthermore, in WST, previously treated patients with elevated BP at screening experienced one-third the CVD morbidity of their counterparts in RC (3.1 vs 10.8; p less than 0.01). These results extend previous evidence that WST is an effective method to achieve BP control and demonstrate that this approach to the management of hypertension alters health outcomes favorably and significantly.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association