Effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on plasma and urinary kallikrein.
In vitro studies were performed to investigate the direct effects of the cyclooxygenase inhibitors (COI), meclofenamate, imidazol, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), indomethacin, and acetaminophen on the plasma kallikrein system and on urinary kallikrein excretion. Biological (guinea pig ileum) and colorimetric (synthetic substrate) methods were used. Results showed that all COIs except ASA affected both the activation of pre-kallikrein in plasma and the direct activity of plasma kallikrein, but none of the COIs tested was able to alter the urinary kallikrein excretion. Additionally, in Wistar rats we studied the effects of chronic administration of ASA, meclofenamate, and indomethacin on the plasma kallikrein system and urinary kallikrein excretion. In contrast to the in vitro studies, administration of these COIs reduced the amount of total 24-hour urinary kallikrein excretion. Moreover, the pre-plasma kallikrein and total plasma kallikrein levels were diminished in all experimental groups. However, only ASA and meclofenamate increased the free-plasma kallikrein levels despite the fact the three COIs used reduced the high molecular weight kininogen. Thus, in vitro data suggest an important and direct effect of meclofenamate, imidazol, indomethacin, and acetaminophen on the plasma kallikrein system, without any effect on urinary secretion. ASA was the only COI that showed no direct effect in these experiments. Chronic COI administration in Wistar rats suggests that ASA, meclofenamate, and indomethacin affect both the plasma kallikrein-kinin system and kallikrein excretion. When these drugs are used to evaluate the interactions between prostaglandins and the kallikrein-kinin system, their possible effects through both mechanisms, directly or via prostaglandin inhibition, should be considered.
- Copyright © 1983 by American Heart Association