Racial differences in erythrocyte cation transport.
Erythrocyte contents and ouabain-insensitive transport pathways were measured in 120 white and black normotensives and hypertensives. Mean maximal sodium-stimulated lithium-sodium countertransport rate was higher in white hypertensives than in white normotensives, and countertransport was significantly positively correlated with mean arterial pressure in whites. Values similar to those in white normotensives were found in both black normotensives and hypertensives, and countertransport was not significantly correlated with blood pressure in blacks. The rate constant for passive lithium efflux was greater in whites as compared to blacks, and the difference was not related to blood pressure level or sex. Ouabain-insensitive, furosemide-sensitive sodium and potassium effluxes were not found to be altered in hypertension. Furosemide-sensitive sodium efflux rate was lower in blacks but furosemide-sensitive potassium efflux was not similarly depressed. While white subjects demonstrated a close correlation between sodium and potassium effluxes, blacks did not. Further study of these differences in the cellular metabolism of sodium and potassium may provide clues to the pathogenesis of racial dissimilarities in total body sodium handling.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association