Cadmium effect on the Na,K-ATPase system in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.
The present study focuses on the interaction between cadmium (Cd) and the Na, K-ATPase system in in vitro grown vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) derived from the rat carotid artery. In disrupted VSMCs rendered permeable by osmotic shock, Cd inhibited Na, K-ATPase; I50 was reached at 10(-5) M Cd. Mg-ATPase was also inhibited by Cd; I50 was attained at concentrations of 10(-4) M Cd. Cd inhibition of Na,K-ATPase in the VSMCs was noncompetitive with respect to Na, K, and ATP. Rubidium transport experiments performed with intact VSMCs demonstrated that within an incubation period of 150 minutes, a concentration of 10(-4) M Cd in the extracellular fluid exerted no acute effect on the Na-K pump. Within this time interval, intracellular Cd attained a concentration eightfold higher than the extracellular Cd concentration. Thus, it appears that under acute conditions Cd exerts its inhibitory effect on Na, K-ATPase only in disrupted VSMCs. The data further suggest that, in the VSMC, conditions under which Cd inhibits Na, K-ATPase are consistent with inhibition from the cytoplasmic side of the cell membrane.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association