Saralasin dilates arterioles in SHR but not WKY rats.
Microvascular responses to topical or intravascular saralasin were determined in the cremaster muscle arterioles of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, n = 19) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY, n = 16) normotensive rats. Animals were anesthetized with chloralose and urethane, and they breathed room air spontaneously. Mean arterial pressure was obtained from a catheter in a carotid artery, and microvascular diameters were determined by video microscopy. Plasma renin activity was measured in animals that were treated identically except that saralasin was not administered. For all animals, mean arterial pressure averaged 126 +/- 4 mm Hg in SHR and 82 +/- 4 mm Hg (p less than 0.001) in WKY rats. Topical saralasin, 10(-6)M, was applied to the cremaster muscles of SHR (n = 9) or WKY (n = 8) rats while internal diameters of first-through fourth-order arterioles (A1, A2, A3, A4) were measured. Topical saralasin did not alter arteriolar diameters (A1 through A4) in WKY rats, but A3 and A4 vessels dilated significantly (29% +/- 5% and 38% +/- 7% respectively; p less than 0.01) in SHR. Fourth-order diameters were measured in other SHR (n = 10) and WKY (n = 8) rats while saralasin was administered intraarterially (300 micrograms bolus into the hypogastric artery) or intravenously (10 micrograms/kg/min for 30 minutes). Intraarterial or intravenous saralasin caused significant dilation (32% +/- 12% and 20% +/- 4%, respectively; p less than 0.01) of A4 arterioles in SHR, but no dilation occurred in the arterioles of WKY rats. Arteriolar responses were significantly different (p less than 0.001) in SHR vs WKY rats for both the topical and the intravascular administration of saralasin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association