Effect of changes in sodium or potassium balance, and nephrectomy, on adrenal renin and aldosterone concentrations.
An active form of renin was confirmed in the adrenal gland of rats. It had a molecular weight of 40,000, generated angiotensin I (AI) from natural renin substrate at pH 7.4, and was found at concentrations 30 to 60 times higher than plasma renin in rats on a normal diet. Changes in sodium diet induced changes in adrenal capsular renin concentration (high Na 2.21 +/- 0.34, normal Na 4.34 +/- 0.53, low Na 13.19 +/- 1.67 ng AI/mg protein/hr). A high potassium diet also increased adrenal capsular renin from 5.27 +/- 0.53 to 39.78 +/- 5.68 ng AI/mg protein/hr, while plasma renin concentration decreased from 7.28 +/- 0.63 in the normal diet to 5.05 +/- 0.60 on the high potassium diet. Neither diet altered the concentration of renin in the fasciculata-medullary portion of the adrenal gland. Nephrectomy markedly increased the renin concentration in the adrenal capsules without any effect on the decapsular cells (20 hours after nephrectomy, 71.5 +/- 10.6 ng AI/mg protein/hr). Sodium loading or dexamethasone treatment prior to nephrectomy blunted the rise in adrenal renin (nephrectomy + dexamethasone = 27.64 +/- 4.33 ng AI/mg protein/hr; nephrectomy + NaCl = 38.70 +/- 5.82 ng AI/mg protein/hr). In all experiments, there was a positive correlation between adrenal renin and adrenal aldosterone concentrations, but the experiments did not rule out the possibility that this positive correlation was due to two independent variables changing in the same direction and not causally related. In conclusion, adrenal renin may be a local hormone, involved in the regulation of aldosterone production.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association