Regional sources of free and sulfoconjugated catecholamines in hypertension.
To elucidate the sources of free catecholamines (CA) and their sulfates in hyperadrenergic essential hypertensives (EH), their arteriovenous differences were determined radioenzymatically and by sulfatase hydrolysis (with correction for cross-contamination) across several organs and regions in 16 hyperadrenergic essential hypertensive patients. Comparison with arterial concentrations showed that: the adrenal venous outflow contains 240 times more free epinephrine (E), 55 times more free norepinephrine (NE), and 7 times more free dopamine (DA) concentrations, but E, NE, and DA sulfates are not different; free E concentrations are lower in the peripheral venous blood; NE sulfate concentrations are higher in the superior vena cava (p less than 0.05 for all differences noted). The data suggest the following conclusions for hyperadrenergic EH patients: with the exception of NE sulfate added into the superior vena cava region, no other organ or region can be associated with a net DA or NE sulfate release. The proportional adrenal vein concentrations of DA:NE:E are approximately 1:10:50, which are very close to those seen in other studies performed under different degrees of stress. Free E is extracted in peripheral tissues. The DA surges in hyperadrenergic EH patients probably result from the pulsatile, predominantly adrenal, release of free DA.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association