Interaction of internal Na+ and external K+ with the erythrocyte Na+, K+ cotransport system in essential hypertension.
External K+ inhibits the maximal rate of outward Na+, K+ cotransport in human red cells with no effect on the apparent affinity for internal Na+. The K+ concentration giving half-maximal inhibition (KIK) varied from 16 to 30 mM in 24 normotensive control subjects. Six of the 38 hypertensive patients showed a KIK above the upper limit of this normal range. Only three hypertensive patients showed a KIK below normal range. The internal Na+ content giving half-maximal stimulation of outward Na+, K+ cotransport (KSNa) was measured in the hypertensive patients (a normal range of KSNa = 9 to 16 mmol/liter cells was previously established in 50 normotensive control subjects). Eighteen hypertensive patients showed an abnormally high KSNa, as previously described in hypertensive patients whose Na+, K+ cotransport system had a low affinity for internal Na+ (Co -). Comparison of KSNa with KIK showed that all six hypertensive patients with high KIK and all three hypertensive patients with low KIK were Co - hypertensive.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association