Rat thymocyte sodium transport. Effects of changes in sodium balance and experimental hypertension.
The wide range of membrane electrolyte transport abnormalities associated with experimental, genetic, and essential hypertension may either reflect an underlying global change in the cell membrane or may be directly related to the underlying disturbance that causes hypertension or to changes in sodium balance. To investigate this further, we studied sodium transport and intracellular electrolyte composition in the thymocytes of normal rats undergoing salt loading or depletion, and in rats with renovascular, mineralocorticoid, or spontaneous hypertension compared to appropriate age-matched normotensive control rats. In normotensive rats, although there was no significant difference between the blood pressures at the two extremes of sodium balance, sodium loading caused a nonsignificant rise in sodium transport, whereas sodium depletion was associated with a significant fall in sodium transport and intracellular sodium. When cells from salt-loaded or normal animals were incubated in a medium containing their own serum, sodium transport was slightly stimulated in both, but there was no significant difference in the sodium efflux-rate constant of thymocytes obtained from rats on the normal as opposed to the high salt intake. Compared to normotensive rats, there was no significant change in the sodium efflux-rate constant in any of the hypertensive rat models studied. However, the sodium efflux-rate constant fell with age in both the spontaneously hypertensive and Wistar-Kyoto normotensive rats. The present studies show that dietary sodium intake and aging had considerable effects on rat thymocyte sodium transport, but neither of these changes was related to a change in blood pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association