Increased urinary kallikrein-like activity during ADH-induced hyponatremia in rats.
The urinary kallikrein system was studied during hyponatremia associated with water and vasopressin administration in rats. Two groups of animals were studied. In the experimental group (n = 5), vasopressin (0.4 U/day) was injected intramuscularly for 7 days, and water (15%-20% body weight per day) was given via a stomach tube. The control group (n = 6) received only vasopressin. In the experimental group, plasma sodium concentration (PNa) decreased from 143.2 +/- 0.5 to 130.8 +/- 1.8 (m +/- SEM) mmol/liter (5th day, p less than 0.01) along with plasma osmolality. Urinary kallikrein-like activities (UkaV) increased from 99.1 +/- 7.5 to 172.6 +/- 23.5 mumol X min/day (100 g body weight) (5th day, p less than 0.05; 6th day, p less than 0.05; and 7th day, p less than 0.05) after the administration of vasopressin. Uric acid clearance (Cua) increased from 0.153 +/- 0.014 to 0.275 +/- 0.041 ml/min (5th day, p less than 0.05; 7th day, p less than 0.05). No change was observed in urinary aldosterone excretion (UAldV), creatinine clearance, or blood pressure. UkaV correlated with Cua (r = 0.81, p less than 0.01) and with the degree of change of PNa (r = --0.79, p less than 0.01), respectively. In the control group, no change was observed in the above parameters. A significant relationship between UkaV and fractional Na clearance (r = 0.60, p less than 0.01) was observed. We conclude that the urinary kallikrein system in rats may be stimulated during hyponatremia when induced by water and vasopressin. This increased activity is probably the result of volume expansion associated with water and vasopressin and may have some relationship to fractional Na clearance in the kidney.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association