Erythrocyte Na+,K+ cotransport and Na+,K+ pump in black and caucasian hypertensive patients.
Alterations in red blood cell (RBC) Na+,K+ pump and in Na+,K+ cotransport (CoT) have been described in essential hypertension (EH). We examined pump and CoT in 50 normotensive (NT) subjects and 58 EH subjects subdivided by race and family history of hypertension (+ FH). RBCs were preloaded with Na+ to obtain intracellular levels of 25 mM/liter cells by using the p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonic acid (pCMBS) method. Na+ and K+ efflux rates into a magnesium-sucrose medium were quantitated in the presence of ouabain and ouabain plus furosemide to define pump and CoT activity respectively. Mean intracellular Na+ content was higher (p less than 0.05) in black NT and HT subjects compared to Caucasians. Mean RBC CoT was lower in black EH compared to NT and compared to Caucasian NT and HT subjects. Conversely, Caucasian HT patients had higher mean CoT than NT subjects. Subdivision into + FH revealed very little effect of + FH on CoT in black NT and HT subjects. In Caucasian NT and HT subjects with + FH, mean CoT was significantly reduced (less than 0.3 mM/liter cells/hr) compared to those without + FH. A subgroup of Caucasian EH subjects displayed high CoT (greater than 0.6 mM/liter cells/hr); a + FH had little impact on the high CoT group. There was no correlation between RBC CoT activity and age, sex, severity of hypertension, urinary sodium excretion, and plasma aldosterone. There was a positive correlation (r = + 0.47; p less than 0.01) between CoT and upright plasma renin activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association