Vascular angiotensin II receptors in SHR.
We investigated the density (Bmax) of angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors in the mesenteric vascular bed of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) control rats. In 12-week-old SHR, the Bmax and the dissociation constant (Kd) of ANG II binding sites were not different from those of WKY rats in the sodium replete state or after sodium depletion. In prehypertensive (4- and 6-week-old) SHR, the Bmax of the vascular ANG II receptors was significantly higher (p less than 0.05) than in age-matched WKY rats. This result could not be attributed entirely to differences in the circulating renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in 4-week-old-rats. In 6-week-old WKY rats, the plasma renin activity was significantly higher (p less than 0.05), which may account in part for the higher density of ANG II binding sites in SHR. There was an age-related decrease in the number of ANG II receptors in SHR. The increased density of vascular ANG II receptors in young SHR may play a role in the development of high blood pressure in this model of spontaneous hypertension. The higher number of ANG II binding sites in young SHR is not selective for ANG II receptors, since an increased density of alpha 1-adrenergic receptors was also found in the mesenteric arteries of 4-week-old SHR.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association