Cholinergic stimulation of vasopressin release in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Plasma vasopressin (VP) concentration is elevated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) relative to their normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls. The possibility that this reflects altered responsiveness of the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal system (HNS) in SHRs was examined by comparing VP release in response to acetylcholine from organ cultured HNS explants obtained from SHR and WKY donors. Explants were prepared from 5-, 8-, and 18-week-old animals. Blood pressure was significantly elevated in the 8- and 18-week-old SHR donors relative to their age-matched WKY donors. VP release was assessed on the 4th day of culture during a control hour and during the subsequent hour in the presence of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine caused a concentration-dependent stimulation of VP release from both types of explants, but the response was significantly greater in the explants from 5- and 8-week-old SHRs than in explants from age-matched WKYs. The explants from 18-week-old SHRs and WKYs demonstrated comparable sensitivity to acetylcholine. Basal VP release was not significantly different in explants from age-matched SHRs and WKYs, but it did increase with donor age in both strains. These studies indicate potential hyperresponsiveness of the HNS to excitatory stimuli in SHRs during the developmental phase of hypertension. The hyperresponsiveness disappears in the chronically hypertensive phase. Thus, increased sensitivity of the HNS during the development of hypertension may contribute to the elevation of plasma VP concentration in SHRs.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association