Humoral trophic influence on cardiovascular structural changes in hypertension.
Since the early development of structural cardiovascular change in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) indicated the involvement of non-pressure-dependent factors in this process in hypertension, smooth muscle cells (SMC) from the aorta of SHR, SHRSP, and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were investigated under tissue culture conditions free from blood pressure and humoral factors in vivo. By the observation of such factors as growth rate and DNA or protein synthesis vascular SMC from these rats with genetic hypertension were proved to have intrinsically greater growth activity independently of blood pressure. Although serum from SHR and SHRSP had no specific stimulative effect on SMC growth, circulating epinephrine may accelerate cardiovascular structural changes because isoproterenol added to the culture media enhanced ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Moreover, SMC from SHR and SHRSP showed greater thymidine incorporation than those from WKY even in response to lower extracellular Na+ concentration. Local nutritional conditions of SMC, which were proved to have a great effect on the morphology and structure of cultured SMC, may be a basic determinant of the development of hypertension-induced structural vascular changes or lesions.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association