Abstract 138: Altered Vascular Reactivity in Mice Overexpressing Adipocyte Mineralocorticoid Receptors - Role of Rho Kinase.
Aldosterone (aldo) plays a role in cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension and obesity. We previously demonstrated that adipocyte-derived factors regulate vascular function and cell signaling in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Moreover, adipocytes are able to produce aldo, which influences vascular reactivity. Plasma levels of aldo are positively correlated with obesity and hypertension. However, the pathophysiological role of aldo and mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) in adipose tissue and its interactions with the vasculature remains elusive. In our study, we investigated molecular mechanisms whereby activation of MR, in adipocytes, leads to release of vascular reactive factors and regulation of vascular tone, using a conditional transgenic mouse model that overexpresses MR only in the adipocytes. Vascular reactivity of resistance mesenteric arteries to acetylcholine (Ach), sodium nitroprusside and phenylephrine (Phe), in the absence or presence of fat conditioned medium (Fcm) from control and adipocyte overexpressing MR (DT) mice, was performed by myography. In basal conditions, endothelial dysfunction was not observed in DT or control mice. However, in the presence of Fcm from DT mice, relaxation to Ach was impaired in control mice (Ach 10-6M: 77.5±9.6% no Fcm vs. 49.8±7.5% Fcm, p<0.05), an effect blocked by N-acetyl-cysteine (anti-oxidant) (Ach 10-6M: 82.2±6.6%). Resistance arteries from DT mice had decreased Phe-induced contraction, compared to control mice (Phe 10-5M: 2.7±0.2 mN/mm CT vs. 1.7±0.2 mN/mm DT, p<0.05). Phosphorylation of ezrin, a marker of Rho kinase activation, measured by immunoblotting, was decreased in white and brown adipose tissues of DT (CT: 3.1±0.7 vs. DT: 0.6±0.1, arbitrary units, p<0.05). In conclusion, MR in adipocytes may play an important role in the regulation of vascular function, and may be involved in vascular oxidative stress. MR in adipocytes is also important to the anti-contractile properties of the adipose tissue through downregulation of Rho kinase signaling. Our study identiy novel mechanisms linking vascular and adipose biology through adipocyte MRs.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.