Abstract 175: The Role of Axl in Accumulation of Immune Cells in Kidney and the Onset of Hypertension
Introduction: Gas6/Axl pathway contributes to elevation of blood pressure. Immune cells are implicated in initiation and maintenance of hypertension. In this study we aimed to investigate the role of Axl in immune cells on kidney injury and initiation of hypertension.
Methods and Results: Deoxycorticosterone-acetate (DOCA; 75mg, 60days release) and salt hypertension was induced for 1wk or 6wks in four groups of Axl chimeras (n=4-5) that were generated by bone marrow (BM) transplant. Multi parameter flow cytometry was used to quantify five major immune cell subsets in digested kidneys from Axl chimeras. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) increased by 30mmHg in Axl+/+ →Axl+/+, Axl-/- →Axl-/- and Axl+/+ →Axl-/- mice after 1wk of DOCA-salt. However, chimeras that lack Axl in the BM cells (Axl-/- →Axl+/+) showed reduction in early increase in SBP (16+2mmHg). We observed a significant decrease in urine protein levels in Axl-/- →Axl+/+ (0.3+0.1μg/μl) compared to other Axl chimeras (∼0.7μg/μl) after 1wk of DOCA-salt. Kidney glomeruli areas were reduced in Axl-/- →Axl+/+ (4,143+229μm2) compared to other Axl chimeras (∼6,000μm2) after 6wks of DOCA-salt. Kidneys from Axl-/- →Axl-/- showed an increase in total leukocytes (8 vs. 4%), B cells (29 vs. 12%) and decrease in monocytes/macrophages (16 vs. 22%) and dendritic cells (5 vs. 10%) compared to Axl+/+ →Axl+/+. Moreover, Axl-/- →Axl+/+ showed further increase in leukocytes (17%), B (39%) and dendritic (13%) cells in kidneys compared to other Axl chimeras. In addition a small percentage of wild type T cells was increased in the kidneys from Axl-/- →Axl+/+ chimeras.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that Axl expression in BM-derived cells is critical for kidney injury in DOCA-salt hypertension. Axl-dependent pathways regulate immune cell populations in the kidneys during initiation of hypertension. This study was supported by HL105623 grant (VAK)
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.