Abstract 222: Valsartan at a Sub-therapeutic Dose Ameliorates Myocardial Autophagy Overactivated in Renovascular Hypertension (RVH)
Objective: Excessive autophagy (degradation of intracellular structures) characterizes cardiomyocyte injury in hypertensive heart disease. The effect of Angiotensin II receptor blocker Valsartan on RVH-induced myocardial autophagy remains unexplored.
Method: Twenty-one domestic pigs (50-60 Kg) were randomized into 3 groups: RVH, RVH+Valsartan, and Control (n=7 each), and observed for 10 wks. Valsartan (320mg/d PO) was administered for 4 wks starting at 6 wks of RVH. After 10 wks, myocardial fibrosis was examined by trichrome staining, and inflammation by M1 macrophage (M1 Ø, CD163+/iNOS+) staining and TNF-α expression (immunoblotting). Autophagy was examined for Atg 12-Atg 5, Beclin-1 and its inhibitor mTOR.
Result: At 6 wks, MAP was higher in both RVH and RVH+Valsartan compared to Control (147.6 ±14.0 and 139.1±11.2 vs. 105.9±11.4 mmHg, respectively, P<0.05). At 10 wks, Valsartan did not decrease MAP compared to RVH (P=0.31), Both Beclin-1 and Atg 12-Atg 15 expressions that were elevated in RVH (P<0.05 vs. Control), indicating increased autophagy, were restored by Valsartan (Figure). Valsartan restored a compensatory increase in mTOR expression in RVH, and ameliorated myocardial fibrosis, M1 Ø, and TNF-α expression (Figure).
Conclusion: Valsartan decreased myocardial autophagy, fibrosis and inflammation in pigs with RVH, independent of effective blood pressure control. Valsartan has novel pleiotropic effects on turnover of cellular structures in RVH-induced myocardial damage.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.