Abstract 227: The Protective Effect of Kidney-Specific ACE Inhibition Against Chronic Angiotensin II Infusions is Associated with Blunted Intrarenal Renin-Angiotensin System Activation
Introduction: The responses to chronic angiotensin (Ang) II infusions of gene-targeted mice lacking kidney angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), in terms of intrarenal Ang II accumulation, hypertension, sodium and water retention are all blunted or absent. The objective of this study was to determine if these reduced responses were associated with changes in the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS).
METHODS: Mice lacking intrarenal ACE (ACE10/10) were generated by targeted homologous recombination placing the expression of ACE only in macrophages. As a result, these mice have normal circulating ACE levels, but no kidney ACE. Wild-type (WT) mice of the same background (C57Bl/J) served as controls. Mice were subjected to sham-operation or subcutaneous infusion of Ang II for two weeks (n=6-10, 400 ng/kg/min via osmotic minipump). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was followed by telemetry. At the end of the experiment, the kidneys were collected for analysis. Ang II content was measured by RIA. Renal abundance of ACE, angiotensinogen (AGT) and Ang II receptor type 1 (AT1R) were determined by Western Blot in total kidney homogenates.
Results: At baseline, the MAP of WT and ACE 10/10 mice was similar 110 ± 4 mmHg vs. 109 ± 3 mmHg respectively (p>0.05). However, when subjected to chronic Ang II infusions, the hypertensive response was blunted in ACE 10/10 mice (129 ± 6 mmHg) vs. WT (146 ± 5 mmHg; P<0.05). Also, intrarenal Ang II accumulation was lower in ACE10/10 mice (724 ± 81 fmol/g) vs. WT (1130 ± 105 fmol/g, p<0.05). In non-treated mice, intrarenal RAS components analysis revealed that the absence of ACE in ACE10/10 mice was accompanied by a significant reduction in AGT (0.41 ± 0.06) and increased AT1R expression (1.32 ± 0.05) when compared to WT (normalized to 1.00, p<0.05 in both instances). Importantly, after chronic Ang II infusions, AGT, ACE and AT1R expression increased in WT (1.36, 1.26 and 1.17 fold increase respectively compared to non-treated WT, p<0.05) but not in the ACE10/10 mice (1.19, 1.06, 0.89 fold increase respectively compared to non-treated ACE10/10, p>0.05).
Conclusion: The blunted hypertension and Ang II accumulation of mice devoid of kidney ACE in response to Ang II infusions is associated with a failed induction of renal AGT and the AT1R.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.