Abstract 291: Antihypertensive Effect Of Bia 5-1058 a New Selective Peripheral Dopamine β-hydroxylase Inhibitor
The sympathetic nervous system can alter blood pressure by modulation of cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance and renal function. One strategy for controlling sympathetic nerve function is to reduce the biosynthesis of norepinephrine (NE) via inhibition of dopamine β-hydroxylase (DβH; EC 188.8.131.52), the enzyme that catalyses the conversion of dopamine (DA) to NE in sympathetic nerves. BIA 5-1058 is a reversible DβH inhibitor that decreases NE levels in peripheral sympathetically innervated tissues slowing down sympathetic nervous system drive, without effect in brain tissues. In freely moving SHR implanted with radio-telemetry transmitters single administration of BIA 5-1058 showed a dose (3, 30 and 100 mg/Kg) and time dependent effect on blood pressure with no significant effect on heart rate (HR) and total activity monitored over a 96-hour period. The maximum reduction on systolic blood pressure (SBP) was -10.8, -21.1 and -35.2 mmHg for 3, 30 and 100 mg/Kg, respectively and the maximum reduction on diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was -9.9, -18.4 and -24.8 mmHg for 3, 30 and 100 mg/Kg, respectively. The antihypertensive effect of BIA 5-1058 (30 mg/Kg) was further evaluated in combination with efficacious doses of well-known antihypertensive drugs, like the ACE inhibitor captopril, the AT1 receptor antagonist losartan, the diuretic hydrochlorothiazide, beta-blocker metoprolol, the alpha-1 receptor antagonist prazosin, and the calcium channel blocker diltiazem. All drugs were administered orally (single dose) in a cross-over design and the effect was monitored for 72 hours. The combination of BIA 5-1058 with any of the tested antihypertensive drugs caused a stronger and prolonged blood pressure decrease than any of the compounds alone.In conclusion, peripheral DβH inhibitors can be used, alone or in combination with others antihypertensive drugs, to reduce blood pressure.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.