Abstract 319: Potential Lifetime Cost-Effectiveness of Catheter-Based Renal Sympathetic Denervation in Patients with Resistant Hypertension
Aims - Recent studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RD) for the treatment of resistant hypertension. We aimed to determine the cost-effectiveness of this approach separately for men and women of different ages.
Methods and results - A Markov state-transition model accounting for costs, survival, quality of life, and incremental cost-effectiveness was developed to compare RD with best medical therapy (BMT). The model ran from age 30 to 100 years or death, with a Markov cycle length of 1 year. All patients entered the model with elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP, 180 mmHg), but free from prior cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. Patients could remain in this disease-free state or could have one of the following primary CVD events: myocardial infarction, angina, stroke or heart failure. After an event, patients transitioned into chronic disease states and/or could suffer from secondary CVD events. In the base case scenario, RD resulted in a sustained SBP reduction of 20 mmHg and in a corresponding relative risk reduction of adverse CVD events and death. The cost analysis was conducted from a health care payer perspective. Effectiveness was expressed as quality-adjusted life-years (QALY) gained. Costs and effects were discounted at 3% per annum, respectively. Deterministic and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted to evaluate the robustness of the results. As compared with BMT, RD gained 0.99 QALYs in men and 0.91 QALYs in women 60 years of age at an additional cost of $3,265 and $2,594, respectively. As the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio increased with patient age, RD consistently yielded more QALYs at lower costs in lower age groups. Considering a willingness to pay threshold of $50,000/QALY, there was a 95% probability that RD would remain cost-effective up to an age of 82 and 80 years in men and women, respectively. Cost-effectiveness was influenced most by the extent of SBP lowering by RD, the rate of RD non-responders, and the costs associated with the RD procedure.
Conclusion - RD offers a cost-effective treatment option for the prevention of CVD events in patients with resistant hypertension. An earlier intervention produces better cost-effectiveness ratios.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.