Abstract 344: Intrarenal Ghrelin Receptors Mediate Sodium Reabsorption via an ENaC-Dependent Pathway
Intrarenal ghrelin infusion stimulates distal nephron-dependent sodium (Na+) reabsorption in normal rats, but the mechanism is unknown. The main Na+ transporters of the distal nephron segment are the Na+-Cl- co-transporter (NCC) and the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). To determine which of these transporters is involved in the antinatriuretic actions of intrarenal ghrelin receptors, uninephrectomized Sprague-Dawley rats received 3 cumulative 1h renal interstitial (RI) infusions of ghrelin (0.3-3 μg/min, N=8) or vehicle (5% dextrose in water, D5W, N=8), prior to harvesting the infused kidney for determination of NCC and ENaC protein expression. Ghrelin-infused rats demonstrated significantly reduced Na+ excretion rates (UNaV) compared to D5W-infused rats (66.7±7.1% of baseline, P<0.01) and significantly increased cortical collecting duct ENaC expression (2.46±0.17 and 1.56±0.19 densitometric units respectively, P<0.01). Renal NCC expression did not change in response to either ghrelin or D5W infusion (4.21±0.58 and 4.13±0.44 densitometric units respectively, P=NS). To test whether the ghrelin-induced increase in collecting duct ENaC expression was responsible for the antinatriuretic actions of ghrelin, we infused ghrelin into the kidney in the presence of amiloride, a selective inhibitor of ENaC activity. Following uninephrectomy, rats were implanted with either a subcutaneous osmotic minipump which systemically delivered amiloride (1.4 ng/min) for 72h to block ENaC activity (N=6), or a minipump that was filled with D5W (N=6). On the day of the study, RI ghrelin (0.3-3 μg/min) or D5W infusion was initiated. RI ghrelin infusion (in the absence of amiloride) significantly reduced UNaV to 58.9±7.2% of baseline, P<0.01; however, in the presence of amiloride, RI ghrelin failed to reduce UNaV, demonstrating values identical to rats that did not receive RI ghrelin. In contrast, studies carried out in the presence of chlorothiazide pumps (to block NCC activity, 1.1 μg/min, N=6), continued to demonstrate ghrelin-induced antinatriuresis (UNaV decreased to 65.3±8.8% of baseline, P<0.01). Mean arterial pressures did not change during any of the acute RI infusions. Thus, intact ENaC function is necessary for ghrelin-induced Na+ reabsorption.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.