Abstract 376: The Expression of (pro)renin Receptor is Upregulated in the Kidney by High Salt Diet and No Inhibition
The (pro)renin receptor ((P)RR)-bound (pro)renin not only causes the generation of angiotensin II via the increased enzymatic activity, it also activates the receptor’s own intracellular signaling pathways up-regulating the expression of the profibrotic proteins. To clarify the regulation of (P)RR expression, the present study examined the effects of high salt diet and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition on the (P)RR expression in the kidney. The nephron segments were isolated from male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by microdissection and bulk isolation technique, and the (P)RR mRNA and protein expressions were examined by using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis. In adiition, 5 week-old, male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: a control group, a high salt diet (HS) group and a Nω-Nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME) group, and each group was treated with vehicle, high salt diet (8%, NaCl), or L-NAME (600mg/ml in drinking water), respectively. After 4 weeks, the (P)RR expression in the kidney was compared among these groups. The (P)RR mRNA was expressed in the glomerulus (Glm), the proximal convoluted and straight tubule, the cortical and medullary thick ascending limb (TAL) and collecting duct. The (P)RR protein as well as mRNA was expressed widely in the nephron segments; the preglomerular arteriole, the Glm, the proximal tubules (PT), the medullary TAL (mTAL) and inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD). Compared with the control group, the (P)RR protein levels significantly increased in the kidney cortex of both HS group and L-NAME group by 96% (p<0.01) and 506% (p<0.01) and in the inner medulla of L-NAME group by 148% (p<0.05), but did not significantly change in the outer medulla of HS group or L-NAME group. HS increased the (P)RR protein levels in the Glm and PT by 48% (p<0.05) and 39% (p<0.01), but did not affect them in other nephron segments. These results indicated that (P)RR is expressed widely in the nephron segments and that HS and NOS inhibition upregulate the (P)RR expression in the kidney, suggesting roles of (P)RR in hypertensive kidney disorder.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.