Abstract 386: Compound 21 Induces Natriuresis via Renal AT2 Receptor Activation in Male and Female Rats
Endogenous renal des-aspartyl1-angiotensin II (angiotensin III) activates renal proximal tubule AT2 receptors (AT2Rs) and induces natriuresis via a nitric oxide-cyclic GMP signaling pathway. The present study explores the ability of highly selective non-peptide AT2R agonist Compound 21 (C21) to induce natriuresis. Sprague-Dawley rats (12 weeks old; male N=22; female N=18) were studied in the presence and absence of concurrent 24-h AT1R blockade with candesartan (CAND;0.01 mg/kg/min). Rats were anesthetized with Inactin 100 mg/kg i.p., uninephrectomized and instrumented for delivery of 3 cumulative 30-min i.v. infusions of C21 (100, 200, and 300 ng/kg/min) following a 30-min control infusion of vehicle. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured for all periods and urine Na+ excretion rate (UNaV) was calculated for the control and final C21 collection periods. To determine whether the systemically induced natriuresis is mediated by renal AT2Rs, PD-123319 (PD), a specific AT2R antagonist, was infused directly into the renal cortical interstitium(20 μg/kg/min and 10 μg/kg/min for females and males, respectively) during the i.v. C21 infusions. In female rats, C21 increased UNaV from 1.5 ± 0.20 to 7.48 ± 0.95 μmol/min (P<0.0001). This response was abrogated by concurrent intrarenal PD infusion [control 0.74 ± 0.19 vs. C21 2.02 ± 0.50 μmol/min (P<0.001from C21 alone). Systemic CAND administration augmented the natriuretic response to C21 [control 1.29 ± 0.25 vs. C21 10.68 ± 0.70 μmol/min (P<0.05 from C21 alone)]. In male rats, C21 increased UNaV from 0.46 ±0.08 to 6.21 ± 1.33 μmol/min (P<0.01). This response was blocked by concurrent intrarenal PD infusion [control 0.39 ± 0.11 vs. C21 1.69 ± 0.53 μmol/min (P<0.05 from C21 alone). Systemic CAND did not significantly alter the natriuretic response to C21 alone [control 0.49 ± 0.15 vs. C21 7.67 ± 0.72 μmol/min (P = NS from C21 alone). In female rats, CAND augmented the natriuretic response to C21 over that of male rats (P<0.01). Systemic arterial pressures were decreased by CAND in both male and female rats but were unchanged by C21 alone or together with intrarenal PD. C21 induces natriuresis via renal AT2R activation in both male and female rats. These data suggest the potential for AT2R agonist therapy in hypertension.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.