Abstract 393: Chymase: Augmented Renal Tubular Protein Expression in Diabetes
Chymase is a serine protease that is predominantly found stored in granules of mast cells. Chymase expression is increased in mesangial cells, podocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, and cardiomyocytes under hyperglycemic culture conditions. We have presented evidence for enhanced intrarenal chymase-dependent Ang II formation on afferent arteriole vasoconstriction in the diabetic kidney (Hypertension. 56: e55, 2010). We tested the hypothesis that renal chymase protein expression is enhanced in the diabetic kidney. Kidneys were harvested from littermate control (db/m) and type II diabetic (db/db) mice at 36-wk-old. Body weight was significantly lower (33 ± 3 vs 40 ± 2 g), while plasma glucose was significantly higher (552 ± 40 vs 220 ± 21 mg/dl) in diabetic (n=6) compared to control (n=7) mice. However, plasma insulin levels were not different from controls (0.77 ± 0.10 vs 0.43 ± 0.11 mg/L), indicating that the diabetic mice are transitioning from type II to type I diabetic disease. Immunohistochemistry was performed using primary rabbit polyclonal antibodies [mMCP-4 (chymase, A Husain), anti-malignant T cell amplified sequence 1 (chymase, Abcam), H+-ATPase (D Brown), and aquaporin 2 (AQP2, J Sands)]. Renal subcapsular and adipose tissue mast cell granules stained positively for toluidine blue and chymase. Chymase protein expression was localized to the apical membrane of connecting tubules and cortical collecting ducts of both control and diabetic kidneys. Chymase was co-localized to AQP2 positive and H+-ATPase negative cells indicating that chymase is specifically expressed in the principal cells of the distal nephron. Prominent chymase immunostaining was observed in the renal papilla and endothelial cells of renal arteries and arterioles in all diabetic, but none of the control kidneys. Chymase was not localized to renal vascular smooth muscle cells. The renal localization of chymase was identical using custom and commercially available polyclonal antibodies. These are the first studies to identify chymase protein expression in the principal cells of the distal nephron. These novel data suggest that the serine protease actions of chymase may be linked to altered epithelial transport mechanisms in the distal nephron in diabetic kidney disease.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.