Abstract 440: Female Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats are More Dependent on Nitric Oxide in Modulating Blood Pressure and Renal Injury Than Males
We recently demonstrated that female spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) have higher nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability in the kidney compared to males. Therefore, we hypothesize that female SHR are more dependent on the NO synthase (NOS) system to modulate their blood pressure, and as a result will have a greater rise in blood presure and renal injury in response to chronic NOS inhibition compared to males. Mean arterial pressure in SHR was very sensitive to NOS inhibition, with both sexes exhibiting a significant increase in blood pressure to the non-specific NOS inhibitor NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) at a dose of 2 mg/kg/day. However, there was not a sex difference in the percent increase in mean arterial pressure. Treatment of female and male SHR with 7 mg/kg/day L-NAME for 2 weeks significantly increased mean arterial pressure and indices of renal injury in both females and males; the percent increases in mean arterial pressure and injury were greater in females during the last three days of L-NAME treatment (% increase in mean arterial pressure was 44± 1.3 in females vs. 35± 2.9 in males, P<0.05). L-NAME treatment also increased indices of inflammation and oxidative stress as urinary monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) excretion levels were increased by L-NAME; however, the increases were greater in females. Renal cortical macrophage and T cell infiltrations and soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) were also elevated following L-NAME treatment (cortical sICAM-1 levels increased from 4.7± 0.2 to 9± 0.1 ng/mg in males vs. 4.6± 0.1 to 7.9± 0.3 ng/mg in females, P<0.05). Although renal cortical macrophage infiltration was greater in female SHR vs. males following L-NAME treatment, the increase in cortical T cell infiltration and sICAM-1 were greater in males. These data suggest that the NO system plays an important role in modulating blood pressure, renal injury and inflammation in SHR, with females being more dependent on the NOS system than males.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.