Abstract 495: A Novel Test for Low Salt Sensitivity: Angiotensin type-II Receptor Recruitment After Dopamine-1 Receptor Stimulation in Urine-Derived Renal Proximal Tubule Cells
Salt-sensitivity of blood pressure is an inappropriate increase in blood pressure following high salt intake. Subjects in our clinical study were typed according to their salt-sensitivity status into 3 categories: High-Salt-Sensitive (HSS; ≥ 7 mmHg increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) on a high salt diet of 300 mEq of sodium, 17% prevalence), Low-Salt-Sensitive (LSS:, who paradoxically showed a ≥ 7 mmHg increase in MAP on a low salt diet of 10 mEq of sodium, 11% prevalence), and Salt-Resistant (SR, individuals who showed no significant increase in blood pressure on either diet, 72% prevalence). We previously demonstrated that LSS subjects show increased recruitment of the natriuretic dopamine-1 receptor (D1R) to the plasma membrane following a salt stimulation as compared to HSS subjects. Stimulation of the D1R in RPTC with fenoldopam (dopaminergic agonist) results in recruitment of the natriuretic angiotensin type-2 receptor (AT2R) to the cell surface. We hypothesized that LSS individuals may also demonstrate an enhanced AT2R RPTC membrane recruitment compared to HSS individuals when challenged with fenoldopam. In order to gain access to fresh RPTC from each subject, we isolated exfoliated RPTC from randomly voided urine from SR, LSS, and HSS subjects from our clinical study. We measured three subjects from each category with a minimum of three voids for each subject. We counted individual cells as independent events using both the confocal microscope (n=245) and the flow cytometer (n=5344). We found an inverse correlation between AT2R recruitment and the degree of salt-sensitivity of blood pressure. Fenoldopam stimulated AT2R recruitment as measured by confocal microscopy (y = -0.0047x + 0.4966, R2 = 0.2488, P<0.0001) and flow cytometry (y =-0.057x + 1.5645, R2=0.2912, P=0.0185). Flow cytometry provided a more sensitive diagnostic for LSS than HSS subjects. AT2R recruitment was more predictive of LSS than HSS. AT2R recruitment may be used as a rapid method to test for LSS individuals who need to be identified and encouraged to increase their sodium intake in order to avoid paradoxical hypertension.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.