Abstract 507: G Proteins are Required for Lipoxygenase EDHF Activity of Rabbit Arterial Smooth Muscle Cells
Arachidonic acid 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) metabolites function as endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors in rabbit and human arteries. In rabbit arteries, LO metabolites mediate nitric-oxide and prostaglandin-independent relaxations to acetylcholine and AA. Previously, we characterized 11,12,15-trihydroxyeicosatrienoic acid (11,12,15-THETA) as a major vasoactive 15-LO metabolite in rabbit arteries. 11,12,15-THETA requires a specific structure for vascular activity. 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA causes concentration-related relaxation whereas 11(R),12(R),15(S)-THETA is without activity. The specific structure requirement suggests a role for a receptor. Therefore, we examined the role of G proteins in 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA vascular activity. Western immunoblot verified protein expression of Gαs, Gαi and a Gαo in rabbit endothelial and smooth muscle cells. 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA increased GTPγ35S binding to rabbit arterial membranes 280±25% while 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA was without effect. In cell-attached patches of rabbit smooth muscle, 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA (100 nM) increased mean open time of apamin-sensitive, calcium-activated, small conductance potassium (SK) channels from 0.0001±0.0001 to 0.0015±0.0006. In inside-out patches, 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA did not increase channel opening (0.0001±0.0001) unless GTP was present (0.0051±0.0023). In the presence of GTP, an antibody against Gαs and a Gαs inhibitory peptide inhibited 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA SK channel activation (0.0007±0.0005, 0.0013±0.0012, respectively) whereas an antibody against Gαi was without effect (0.0042±0.0018). A cell-permeant, penetratin-linked Gαs inhibitory peptide also inhibited 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA SK channel activation in cell-attached patches (0.0005±0.0002) and blocked 11(R),12(S),15(S)-THETA relaxations in rabbit aorta (max relaxations = 74±6%, 23±7% for control and permeant peptide, respectively). These studies indicate that 11,12,15-THETA-induced SK channel activation and vascular relaxation are mediated by a Gs-coupled mechanism and that 11,12,15-THETA acts via a stereo-specific G protein coupled receptor/binding site.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.