Abstract 516: Knockdown of the Hypertension Associated Gene NOSTRIN Alters Glomerular Barrier Function in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)
The bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) has been associated with the development and progression of vascular and renal disease. NOSTRIN (for eNOS Traffic Inducer) has primarily been recognized as one important regulator of eNOS, the prime source of NO in the cardiovascular system, with a possible role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia and the development of increased intrahepatic resistance in liver disease.
Here, we identified NOSTRIN in the center of a QTL-overlap region in rat and human trait loci that are associated with hypertension. Glomerular NOSTRIN expression is detectable in podocytes in human and rat glomeruli and podocytic NOSTRIN expression is diminished in hypertensive kidney disease. We show that knockdown of NOSTRIN alters the glomerular filtration barrier function in larval zebrafish, inducing proteinuria and leading to ultrastructural morphological changes on the endothelial as well as epithelial side and the GBM of the glomerular capillary loop. We also demonstrate that NOSTRIN interacts with proteins associated with the podocyte slit membrane. We conclude that NOSTRIN expression is an important factor for the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier. Disease related alteration of NOSTRIN expression may not only affect the vascular endothelium and therefore contribute to endothelial cell dysfunction but may also contribute to the development of podocyte disease and proteinuria.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.