Abstract 6: Heterozygous TGFβ1 Zinc-Finger Knockout Dahl S Rats Reveal Protection Against High-Salt Induced Renal Injury
We used a zinc-finger nuclease strategy to create heterozygous TGFβ1 knockout rats (TGFβ1+/-) on a Dahl SS/Jr genetic background with a 22 base-pair frame shift mutation between nucleotides 191-212 which introduced a premature stop codon at amino acid 34. Intercrossing TGFβ1+/- rats did not produce homozygous knockout rats, indicating that the mutation is embryonic lethal. Wildtype (WT) littermates and TGFβ1+/- rats were fed either a 0.4% (normal salt, NS) or 8% NaCl (high salt, HS) diet for 5 weeks. When fed a NS diet, WT and TGFβ1+/- exhibit similar renal cortical TGFβ1 expression (1.00±0.12 vs 1.05±0.05, arbitrary units), urinary TGFβ1 excretion (3.9±1.2 vs 5.3±0.4, μg/day), proteinuria (43±5 vs 36±4, mg/day), and minimal glomerular injury and tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF). 5 weeks of HS increased renal cortical TGFβ1 protein expression to a greater extent in WT versus TGFβ1+/- (1.89±0.14 vs 1.52±0.09, arbitrary units) and TGFβ1 levels in urine increased to a greater extent in WT (41±10 μg/day) versus TGFβ1+/- rats (18±4 μg/day) fed a HS diet for 1 week. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), measured by tail-cuff, was similar in WT (161±6 mmHg) and TGFβ1+/- (162±7 mmHg) fed a NS diet and increased to the same extent in both WT (235±2 mmHg) and TGFβ1+/- (239±4 mmHg) fed a HS diet for 5 weeks. Urinary protein excretion increased to a greater extent in WT versus TGFβ1+/- (463±28 vs 313±36 mg/day) fed a HS diet for 5 weeks. Glomerular injury and renal cortical interstititial fibrosis were markedly reduced in TGFβ1+/- versus WT after 5 weeks on a HS diet. Similarly, TIF in the renal medulla was less in TGFβ1+/- compared with WT. These findings suggest that loss of one copy of the TGFβ1 gene blunts the increase in renal TGFβ1 protein in Dahl S rats fed a HS diet and slows the progression of proteinuria, glomerulosclerosis, and renal interstitial fibrosis independent of changes in blood pressure.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.