Abstract 644: Tetrahydrobiopterin Supplementation Increases Renal Inner Medullary Nitric Oxide Synthase Enzymatic Activity in Male, But Not Female Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
Tetrahydrobiopterin Supplementation Increases Renal Inner Medullary Nitric Oxide Synthase Enzymatic Activity in Male, But Not Female Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats
Krystal N. Brinson and Jennifer C. Sullivan, Experimental Medicine, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA 30912
We previously published that male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) having less nitric oxide synthase (NOS) enzymatic activity in the renal inner medullary (IM) than female SHR, which cannot be explained by protein expression alone. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor for NOS activity. BH4 is easily oxidized to BH2, which is not a NOS cofactor, and male SHR have greater levels of oxidative stress than females. Therefore, we hypothesized that 1) male SHR will have greater increases in NOS enzymatic activity following BH4 supplementation than females and 2) antioxidant treatment will result in greater increases in NOS enzymatic activity in male SHR regardless of BH4 supplementation. Studies measured renal IM NOS enzymatic activity in the presence and absence of BH4 from 12-13 week old control (N=5-6) or antioxidant treated (tempol, 30 mg/kg/day in drinking water) male and female SHR (N=4-5). Supplementation with BH4 increased NOS activity in male SHR (177±35 vs. 315±52 pmol/mg; p=0.04), with no effect in females (434±112 vs. 548±84 pmol/mg). Following 2 weeks of antioxidant treatment, NOS enzymatic activity in male SHR was significantly increased compared to control SHR (p=0.04), and supplementation with BH4 no longer altered NOS enzymatic activity in males (588±143 vs. 648±153 pmol/mg). Antioxidant treatment did not significantly alter renal IM NOS enzymatic activity in female SHR compared to untreated controls, and BH4 supplementation did not alter NOS activity in tempol-treated females (473±82 vs. 580±66 pmol/mg). Tempol treatment also abolished the sex difference in renal IM NOS enzymatic activity. In conclusion, our data suggest that greater levels of oxidative stress in male SHR contributes to lower levels of NOS enzymatic activity compared to females. We hypothesize that this results in greater BH4 deficiency in males contributing to decreases in NO and increases in blood pressure.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.