Abstract 655: Ischemia-induced Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acid Release Protects Female Rats From Acute Kidney Injury
Females are naturally protected against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) in various clinical and experimental settings. However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We hypothesized that female protection may be conferred by enhanced production of cytochrome P450 (CYP)-dependent epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) that promote vasodilation as well as antiinflammatory and antiapoptotic pathways in the kidney. To test this hypothesis, we first analyzed the renal CYP-eicosanoid profile by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in male and female Lewis rats. Ischemia was induced through 45 min of left renal vessel clamping after right nephrectomy (n=6-8 per group). In non-ischemic controls, male and female kidneys stored almost identical amounts of EETs as well as 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), both predominantly esterified into phospholipids, under basal non-ischemic conditions. 45 min of ischemia induced a massive release of EETs from membrane stores in females but not males. The free renal EET-levels reached 70.2±20.1 in females compared to only 4.6±1.3 ng/g in males. After ischemia, the ratio of free EETs to free 20-HETE was about 1:1 in females and 1:3 in males. Next, we proved the functional importance of EETs in renal protection by pretreating males with a synthetic EET-agonist (12-HUDE) and females with a selective EET-antagonist (14,15-EEZE-mSI). As analyzed two days after reperfusion, the EET-agonist protected males against loss of creatinine clearance (1.03±0.18 vs. 0.26±0.02 ml/min, p<0.01 vs. vehicle, compared to 1.28±0.06 ml/min in sham control). Females were rendered susceptible to I/R-injury by the EET-antagonist (creatinine clearance: 0.25±0.05 vs. 0.67±0.04; p<0.01 vs. vehicle, compared to 0.81±0.04 ml/min in sham control). Changes in inflammatory cell infiltration and tubular apoptosis paralleled these effects on renal function. Our results indicate that female rats are protected against renal I/R-injury by enhanced ischemia-induced EET-release and demonstrate that renal protection can be transferred to males using synthetic EET-agonists.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.