Abstract 663: Angiotensin-(1-7)-MAS Receptor Gene Knockout Impairs Post-ischemic Hindlimb Neovascularization
Introduction: Angiotensin-(1-7) is known by its cardiovascular protective effects by activating MAS receptor. It has been shown that Angiotensin-(1-7) stimulates proliferation of endothelial progenitor cells in vitro, but exerts antiangiogenic effects both in inflammatory and tumor environments in vivo. The role of Angiotensin-(1-7)-MAS axis on ischemic conditions was never reported. Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that MAS receptor signaling plays a role in reparative neovascularization after hindlimb ischemia in mice.
METHODS: C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and MAS receptor knockout (MAS-KO) mice (8-10 weeks) were subjected to unilateral permanent left femoral artery occlusion (FAO). Hindlimb blood flow was measured before and immediately after FAO, and 7 and 14 days after FAO by laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI).To further assess the vascularization in the ischemic limb, 28 days after FAO, we used the technique of microbubles contrast enhanced ultrasound perfusion imaging that enables a more sensitive discrimination of blood flow in deep microvessels. Capillary and arteriole density were evaluated by histological analysis at day 14 after FAO.
Results: Vascular density was similar in normoperfused muscles from MAS-KO and WT mice. However, the neovascularization response to hindlimb ischemia was significantly reduced in MAS-KO muscles at capillary (p<0.05; n=4/group) and arteriole (p<0.05; n=4/group) level, which led to lesser perfusion recovery of the ischemic limb of MAS-KO mice as evaluated by LDPI (Day 7: 0.67±0.04 vs 0.85±0.04 ischemic/contralateral ratio, p <0.01; Day 14: 0.62±0.15 vs 0.91±0.03, p<0.001; n=8-12/group). In accordance, we observed that MAS-KO mice require shorter time to peak enhancement of microbubles contrast in ischemic adductor muscles compared with WT mice (p<0.01; n = 5-6/group).
Conclusion: In conclusion, our data suggests that post-ischemic hindlimb neovascularization and blood flow recovery are impaired in Angiotensin-(1-7)-MAS receptor knockout mice.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.