Abstract 7: Angiotensin II Type 2 Receptor Deficiency Increases Renal ACE/ACE2 Ratio-Ang II-AT1R Expression In Male but not in Female Mice
Angiotensin II acting via Angiotensin II type 2 receptors (AT2Rs) is believed to be protective against blood pressure increase and affects renal function under pathophysiological condition. Recently we have observed that stimulation of AT2Rs in male obese Zucker rats has shifted the two opposing arms of renin angiotensin system (RAS) i.e. ACE-Ang II-AT1 vs ACE2/Ang-(1-7)-Mas. Evidence suggests that estrogen regulates RAS, including AT2R in female mice. We hypothesized that AT2R has a gender specific regulation of RAS. In the present study, we investigated the role of AT2Rs in regulating RAS components in male and female mice. Kidney cortex from AT2R knockout (AT2RKO) male and female mice and wild type (WT) with similar background (C57BL/6) of 20 weeks of age were used in the study. The cortical ACE expression (ng ACE/μg tissue) was significantly increased in AT2RKO mice (3±0.02) compared to WT males (1.9±0.02). LC/MS analysis of cortical tissue revealed that Ang II was also significantly increased in AT2RKO mice (WT: 31±3, AT2RKO: 47±3 fmoles/mg tissue). Deletion of AT2R significantly increased AT1R (204%, 204 of 100) expression and had no effect on renin activity compared to WT males. The cortical expression of ACE2 activity (WT: 113±8, AT2RKO: 40±11, RFU/min), Ang-(1-7) levels (WT: 7.3±1.4, AT2RKO: 3±0.8 fmoles/mg tissue) and Mas receptor (AT2RKO: 54±15, % of WT) was significantly decreased in AT2RKO males compared to WT. The cortical expression of the AT2R and MasR was 2-fold greater in WT females compared to WT male. The renin activity (WT: 32±2, AT2RKO: 21±0.3, RFU/min) and MasR expression (WT: 187.5±55, AT2KO: 47±9) was significantly decreased in AT2RKO females compared to the female WT. Interestingly, Ang-(1-7) level (WT: 5.7±0.7, AT2RKO 2.6±0.7 fmoles/mg tissue) was decreased but no changes in ACE or ACE2 activity was observed in AT2KO females compared to their WT, suggesting a role of non-ACE2 pathway. This study suggests that AT2R regulates ACE/ACE2 ratio-Ang II-AT1R expression negatively only in males, whereas in females, it regulates Ang-(1-7) potentially via non-ACE2 pathway. Such changes indicate a gender specific mechanisms potentially associated with AT2R-mediated regulation of renal function and blood pressure control.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.