Abstract 74: Heme Oxygenase-PPARα Induction of FGF21 in Hepatocytes Recruits pAMPK/pAKT and Attenuates Insulin Resistance in Obese Mice
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a nuclear receptor that is known to regulate glucose and lipid homeostasis and increases expression of the hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), which is secreted to blood, increases phosphorylation of AMPK and AKT in adipocytes and has been purported to stimulate adiponectin synthesis. The heme oxygenase (HO) system is functionally important for reducing ROS and inflammation whose induction has been shown to increase serum adiponectin levels and affect lowering of blood glucose and fatty acids. This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that a HO-1-PPARα crosstalk could elevate hepatic FGF21 thus leading to enhanced adiponectin secretion and abatement of metabolic imbalance. Preliminary experiments were conducted in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (Hep G2) cultured in the absence or presence of the HO-1 inducer, cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP, 2μmoles/l). A 2.0 fold induction of HO-1 in Hep G2 cells by CoPP (p<0.05) increased expression of FGF21 1.5 fold (n=3, p=0.0119 vs. vehicle control) without affecting PPARα expression. Additional experiments in obese (ob/ob) mice treated with CoPP (5mg/kg/day) resulted in 2 fold (p<0.05) increase of FGF21 mRNA expression in liver as compared to mice treated with the vehicle. These observations were complemented by blood glucose measurements, which showed significant attenuation in obese mice treated with CoPP (vehicle: 285.0±24 vs. CoPP: 160.0±27.3, p<0.05, n= 5), along with enhancement of adiponectin levels in CoPP treated obese mice (p<0.05). Taken together these results demonstrate that HO-1 could increase serum adiponectin levels and insulin sensitivity by elevating hepatic FGF21 levels. Our overall hypothesis is that the HO-1 can stimulate PPARα activity with resultant activation of hepatic FGF21 secretion and that this HO-PPARα-FGF21 axis could work in concert to modulate the development of insulin resistance and diabetes.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.