Abstract 93: Hypertension and Renal Injury Induced by Nitric Oxide Depletion are Ameliorated by Concomitant Depletion of Hydrogen Sulfide
Chronic nitric oxide (NO) depletion induces hypertension and renal damage. Chronic kidney disease is associated with decreased NO availability and less renal H2S production. We hypothesized that combined depletion of NO and H2S aggravates hypertension and renal injury. Male 8-wk old Sprague Dawley rats were treated with vehicle, NO synthase inhibitor L-NG-nitroarginine (LNNA; 125 mg/L in drinking water), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) inhibitor propargylglycine (PAG; 37.5 mg/kg BW ip daily) or LNNA+PAG for 1 and 4 weeks (6 rats/group). LNNA after 4w increased systolic blood pressure (SBP; 223±10 vs. 137±3 mmHg in controls; P<0.01), proteinuria (144±35 vs. 17±2 mg/d; P<0.01), uremia (16.6±4.2 vs. 7.0±0.4 mmol/L; P<0.05) and tubulo-interstitial injury (P<0.01). LNNA reduced urinary NO metabolite (NOx) excretion by ∼85% after 1w and 4w. PAG alone had no effect on SBP, renal function or injury, but did reduce urinary NOx excretion. Co-treatment with PAG ameliorated LNNA-induced hypertension (182±10 mmHg; P<0.01) and prevented proteinuria (27±3 mg/d), uremia (8.3±0.4 mmol/L) and tubulo-interstitial injury, but did not further reduce urinary NOx excretion. Renal H2S production was almost absent in all PAG groups after 1w and 4w (P<0.01) and was reduced in LNNA-treated rats after 4w (4.6±1.4 vs. 9.2±0.5 μmol/hr/mg; P<0.01). Renal HO-1 gene expression was strongly induced in all PAG-treated groups after 1w and 4w (4 to 19-fold; P<0.01) whereas LNNA only increased HO-1 gene expression at 4w (P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry showed that renal HO-1 protein was primarily interstitial in all PAG-treated groups at 1w and 4w. In contrast, LNNA only showed HO-1 in tubular epithelium in conjunction with protein casts. Depleting NO caused hypertension and renal damage followed by reduced renal H2S production and increased renal HO-1 expression. Surprisingly, concomitant inhibition of CSE ameliorated hypertension and prevented renal injury. PAG almost completely blocked renal H2S production and caused strong induction of renal HO-1, independently of injury, suggesting that H2S suppresses renal HO-1 expression. In conclusion, concomitant upregulation of HO-1 expression by inhibition of H2S production, prevents LNNA-induced hypertension and renal injury.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.