Abstract 101: Cardiac Deleterious Role of Galectin-3 in Chronic Angiotensin-II Induced Hypertension
We previously described that chronic infusion with Angiotensin II (Ang II) increases cardiac Galectin-3 (Gal-3) expression, a carbohydrate-binding lectin present on macrophages. Also, Gal-3 was proposed to be a powerful predictor for mortality in patients with heart failure. Nevertheless, the role of Gal-3 in the pathogenesis of end organ damage (EOD) in hypertension is unknown. Here, we hypothesized that in Ang II-induced hypertension, genetic deletion of Gal-3 prevents innate immunity, EOD, and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Male C57 and Gal-3 KO mice were infused with vehicle (V) or Ang II (90 ng/min; s.c.) for 8 weeks and divided into: 1) C57 + V; 2) Gal-3 KO + V; 3) C57 + Ang II and 4) Gal-3 KO + Ang II. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by plestimography weekly. At 8 week, we evaluated 1) LV ejection fraction (EF) by echocardiography; 2) cardiac hypertrophy by LV weight/tibia length; 3) cardiac fibrosis by picrosirius red staining; 4) infiltrated macrophages by CD68+ staining; 5) ICAM-1 protein expression by Western blot; and 6) serum interleukin (IL)-6 by ELISA. We found that despite a similar increase in SBP and LV hypertrophy in both strains on Ang II, Gal-3 KO mice had better reserved EF and decreased inflammatory and fibrotic responses (see Table).
Results: (MEAN ± SEM at 8 w)
*p<0.05 C57+Ang II and Gal-3 KO+Ang II vs C57+V; ‡ p<0.05 Gal-3 KO+Ang II vs C57+Ang II.
Conclusion: In Ang II-induced hypertension, deletion of Gal-3 prevents EOD and LV systolic dysfunction without altering blood pressure and LV hypertrophy. This study indicates that the deleterious effects of Ang II could be in part mediated by Gal-3, which enhanced inflammation and fibrosis.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.