Abstract 233: Resistance Training Attenuates Renal Dysfunction in Animal Diabetic Nephropathy but Does Not Restore Kidney ACE/ACE2 Balance
Overactivity of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Our group has already demonstrated that aerobic exercise reduces kidney angiotensin II levels and attenuates renal dysfunction under concurrence of diabetes and hypertension. Resistance training (RT) has recently been recognized as a useful therapeutic tool for the treatment chronic diseases and similar to aerobic exercise, has been reported to improve glycemic control. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of RT on renal function and RAS in diabetic animals, to understand whether this type of exercise is also associated with renoprotection. Wistar rats (3 months old) were randomized into: sedentary control (SC); trained control (TC); sedentary diabetic (SD) and trained diabetic (TD). Animals were made diabetic with a single tail injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/Kg). RT was performed on an 110-cm ladder (8 ladder climbs, once/day, 5 days/week, 8 weeks), carrying a load of 50-80% body weight (BW) appended to the tail. At week 8, 24 hr urine volume and albuminuria were evaluated. Kidney was excised and ACE and ACE2 activities were determined (ZPhe-HL and 7-Mca-APK(Dnp), respectively) (Two way ANOVA + Tukey test; P<0.05). RT significantly reduced blood glucose (TD = 449 ± 17 vs. SD = 572 ± 18 mg/dL) and attenuated BW loss of diabetic animals. DM reduced renal ACE activity in sedentary and trained groups (SD = 3.72 ± 0.48, TD = 3.85 ± 0.40 vs. SC = 9.2 ± 0.59 nmol/min/mg), while RT reduced enzyme activity only in control group (TC = 5.14 ± 0.26 vs. SC = 9.2 ± 0.59 nmol/min/mg). RT reduced renal ACE2 in the control group compared to the others (TC = 0.05 ± 0.0001 vs. SC = 0.09 ± 0.004, SD = 0.09 ± 0.003, TD = 0.10 ± 0.002 μM/min/mg), with no effect of diabetes on enzyme activity. RT improved renal function, decreasing urinary volume and albuminuria (DT = 4.13 ± 0.84 vs. SD = 11 ± 2.11 mg/24h) in DT group. The results from the present study show that RT is strongly associated with renoprotection in an experimental model of diabetic nephropathy. Moreover, results show that this improvement on renal function is modulated by other pathways apart from ACE and ACE2 converting enzymes. Financial Support: FAPESP, CAPES, CNPq.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.