Abstract 295: Sodium Restriction Increases Ophthalmic Artery Systolic Velocity in Healthy Subjects
Changes in ocular blood flow occur in systemic diseases. A high peak systolic velocity (PSV) in the ophthalmic artery (OA) has been observed in diabetes mellitus and hypertension, conditions often associated with high tissue renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activity and reduced renal plasma flow (RPF). Since our group has demonstrated that sodium restriction (a high RAS state) is associated with a decrease in RPF which is correctable with ACE inhibition, we hypothesized that sodium restriction would result in higher ophthalmic PSV. Sixteen healthy volunteers (age 46.2±13.2, male 69%, white 75%, BMI 26±3.7) were placed on a low sodium (LS) diet (10 mmol/day) for 1 week followed by high sodium (HS) diet (200 mmol/day). Sodium balance was assessed by 24hr urine collection. BP, RPF (PAH clearance) and OA hemodynamic measurements (Multigon, NY) were made after overnight fasting and rest in the supine position. Sodium restriction did not affect BP (systolic/diastolic LS: 121/73 ± 12/7 vs HS: 122/72 ± 15/9 mmHg, mean ± SD, NS) or heart rate (69 ± 16 vs 70 ± 15/min, NS). As expected, RPF was lower on LS compared with HS (599.2 ± 89.8 vs 633.4 ± 93.5ml/min/1.73 m2, p=0.006). Sodium restriction was associated with higher OA peak (38.8 ± 6.4 vs 33.2 ± 6.0 cm/sec, p=0.018) and mean (19.7±2.9 vs 17.1±3.5, p=0.003) systolic velocity (Figure ). There was no change in end-diastolic velocity (10.6±2.5 vs 9.7±2.4, p=0.266) with sodium restriction. In conclusion, sodium restriction was associated with an increase in OA peak and mean systolic velocity in healthy individuals. Further studies are required to investigate the potential relevance of our results to diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.