Abstract 371: DPPIV Inhibitor MK0626 Prevents Western Diet Induced Renal Injury via Suppression of Kidney Tissue Ras
Objectives: Obesity is an independent risk factor for development and progression of renal injury. High fructose corn syrup consumption has coincided with the obesity epidemic in the United States. High fructose (60%) diets have been demonstrated to be associated with elevation in BP and worsening insulin resistance along with renal injury via increased hepatic production of uric acid. Recently, DPPIV inhibitors have been shown to improve diabetic changes and sodium excretion, effects that are beyond glycemic control. Therefore, the renal protective benefits of DPPIV inhibition in a clinically relevant Western diet fed mouse model were examined.
Methods: Mice fed a high fat/high fructose (WD) diet for 16 weeks and given a DPPIV inhibitor MK0626 in their diet were examined for metabolic parameters, inflammation, kidney renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and oxidative stress. Renal injury was assessed by biochemical, immunohistological and electron microscopy techniques. In vitro, angiotensin II (Ang II) effects on OKP-PTCs were assessed for mechanism.
Results: MK0626 ameliorated WD-induced increases in serum uric acid, oxidative stress and RAS. WD induced suppression of IL-10 was reversed by MK0626. There was a tendency to improve HOMA-IR by MK0626 but no effect on BP and body weights. Diet induced DPPIV activation in the plasma and kidney of WD mice was abrogated by MK0626 (~80%). WD mice were characterized by increased proteinuria (~3-fold), mesangial expansion and podocyte effacement and these changes were prevented by MK0626. In addition, the PTC endocytosis protein megalin and basilar canalicular network and mitochondrial ultrastructure abnormalities were reversed by MK0626. WD mice had decreased sodium excretion which was improved by MK0626. Ang II directly increased DPPIV activity and sodium hydrogen exchanger activity in PTCs and decreased megalin protein, which was effectively prevented by MK0626.
Conclusion: Thus, WD induced increases in DPPIV activity is associated with elevations in uric acid, renal RAS, inflammation and oxidative stress which may result in renal injury. These results suggest that DPPIV inhibitors prevent WD induced renal injury and offer a novel therapy for diabetic and obesity associated renal disease.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.