Abstract 535: Impaired Natriuresis and Increased Salt Sensitivity in Response to Acute Salt Load During Western Diet-intake: Role of Trpv1
Western diet (WD) intake increases morbidity of obesity, diabetes, and salt sensitive hypertension albeit mechanisms are largely unknown. We tested the hypothesis that the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) channels are activated during WD intake to protect against salt-induced increases in blood pressure possibly via enhancing natriuresis. Wild-type (WT, C57BL/6) or gene-targeted TRPV1-null mutant (TRPV1-/-) mice were fed a normal (CON) or Western (WD) diet for 16-18 weeks. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), determined by radiotelemetry after acute sodium loading (NS, 0.9% NaCl) or vehicle (C) by gavage with or without treatment with Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10mg/kg, ip.) or a TRPV1 agonist, N-oleoyldopamine (OLDA, 0.1mg/kg, ip), was not different between two strains fed a CON diet. WT or TRPV1-/- mice fed a WD diet had increased MAP after NS, with a greater magnitude in TRPV1-/- mice (p<0.05). OLDA decreased while L-NAME increased MAP in WT-WD-NS but not TRPV1-/-WD-NS mice (p<0.05). The urinary nitrates plus nitrites excretion (UNOx, umol*4h urine/kg BW), an indicator of renal nitric oxide (NO) production, was increased in both strains fed a CON diet after NS (p<0.05). OLDA further increased while L-NAME prevented NS-induced increases in UNOx in WT-CON-NS only or in both strains, respectively. TRPV1 ablation with WD intake decreased UNOx levels before NS and abolished NS-induced increment in UNOx (WT-WD-C: 0.3 ±0.06 vs. TRPV1-/-WD-C: 0.2 ±0.05; and WT-WD-NS: 0.7 ±0.1 vs. TRPV1-/-WD-NS: 0.3 ±0.1; p<0.05). OLDA further increased while L-NAME prevented NS-induced increment in UNOx in WT-WD-NS mice only (p<0.05). Urinary sodium excretion was increased in both strains fed a CON diet after NS (p<0.05), which was unaffected by OLDA or L-NAME. UNa was increased in WT-WD-NS but not TRPV1-/-WD-NS after NS. OLDA further increased while L-NAME prevented NS-induced increases in UNa in WT-WD-NS only. Thus, TRPV1 ablation increases salt sensitivity during WD intake possibly via impaired NS-induced renal NO production and sodium excretion. Activation of TRPV1 with OLDA enhances renal NO production and sodium excretion, resulting in prevention of increased salt sensitivity during WD intake.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.