Abstract 021: Haplotype-Dependent Differential Regulation Of The Human AT1R Gene Is Exacerbated By Age: Effects On Tissue Inflammatory And Redox Milieu
Age-associated inflammation and redox imbalance underlie etiopathogenesis of cardiovascular-renal diseases, including hypertension and end organ damage. Angiotensin II (Ang II), via activation of the AT1R, contributes to the development and progression of these pathophysiologies. We have identified two haplotype blocks of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the hAT1R gene: haplotype II (Hap II: -810A, -713G, -214C, -153G) and I (Hap I: -810T, -713T, -214A, -153A). In clinical studies, Hap I is linked to human hypertension. This study examines haplotype-dependent and age-associated transcriptional regulation of the hAT1R gene. In this regard, we have engineered transgenic (TG) mice with either haplotype of the hAT1R gene using a 166-kb bacterial artificial chromosome. ChIP assay shows increased RNA-Pol II binding (~1.6 fold higher) to the chromatin extracts from renal tissues of adult (4-6 months) male Hap I-TG mice with increased hAT1R expression (~6 fold higher). This was accompanied by higher baseline blood pressure in Hap I-TG mice (Hap I- 129±3 vs. Hap II- 116±4, p<0.05). Next, we examined the effects of age on this haplotype-dependent regulation of the hAT1R. Aged (>18 months), male mice were used for this part of the study. hAT1R expression increases with age in both haplotypes; however, this increase is significantly higher in Hap I-TG mice (3.17±0.5 to 5.5±0.75 fold) as opposed to mice with Hap II (1.1±0.2 to 1.8±0.1 fold). Age-associated change (Δ) in inflammatory and redox markers was significantly (p<0.05) greater in TG mice with Hap I including, IL1 (4.6±0.8 vs. 2.1±0.49 fold), IL6 (4.0±0.69 vs. 2.1±0.2 fold) and NOX1 (8.3±0.4 vs. 2.5±0.6 fold). This is accompanied by age-associated reduction in levels of antioxidant defenses (SOD1: 0.97±0.0 vs. 1.4±0.1 fold; HO1: 0.77±0.1 vs. 1.3±0.2 fold) and pro-survival genes including, NAMPTS (2.1 folds lower in Hap I vs. Hap II) and SIRT1 (1.8 fold lower in Hap I vs. Hap II). Thus, haplotype-dependent transcriptional regulation of the hAT1R gene causes increased hAT1R expression and blood pressure, in Hap I TG mice. Importantly, aging exacerbates this differential gene-expression regulation, further increasing hAT1R and promoting a prooxidant/inflammatory milieu in mice with Hap I.
Author Disclosures: A. Rana: None. S. Jain: None. N. Puri: None. B. Mopidevi: None. M. Kaw: None. A. Kumar: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.