Abstract 075: The Role of Immunological CD8+ Effector Memory T Cells In Hypertension
Immunological memory is an important component of adaptive immunity. We have previously shown that T cells are important in hypertension. We therefore hypothesized that memory T cells contribute to long-term and repeated hypertensive challenges. To test this, mice received 2 weeks of angiotensin II, were allowed to recover for 3 weeks and then were received a low dose of ang II (140 ng/kg/min) that minimally raises blood pressure in naïve mice. This low-dose of ang II increased blood pressure to 137±6 mmHg in mice that had previously received a vehicle infusion, but to 172±12 mmHg in mice that had received ang II. In another model we treated mice with L-NAME (0.5mg/ml) in drinking water for two weeks, and then fed a high salt diet (4% NaCl) two weeks after stopping L-NAME. The high salt diet had no effect on blood pressure in naïve mice, but increased blood pressure to 150±6 mmHg in mice that had received L-NAME. In keeping with a memory T cell response, we found that either the ang II or L-NAME and high salt protocols increased CD8+ effector memory cells in the kidney by 4-fold while reducing these effector memory CD8+ T cells in the spleen by 3-fold. CD8+ memory T cells require co-stimulatory signaling between CD70 on macrophages and CD27 on T cells. We found that ang II infusion increased CD70 mRNA in isolated kidney vessels by 5 to 10-fold. Similarly, flow cytometry revealed that ang II increased macrophages expressing CD70 and CD8+ T cells expressing CD27 expression in the kidney. Preliminary results show that anti-CD70 partially blocked memory formation by reducing the hypertensive response to the second low-dose of ang II by about 20 mmHg. Thus, these studies indicate that repeated exposures to ang II promote an immune memory response of CD8+ T cells and markedly enhance the hypertensive response. The role of CD27 and CD70 signaling requires additional study but might serve as a therapeutic target.
Author Disclosures: H.A. Itani: None. J. Wu: None. L. Xiao: None. F. Zhang: None. D. Michell: None. W. Chen: None. D.G. Harrison: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.